Northside Revitalization, Tyler 21: Annotated Link Page (2nd Edition), By J.D. Meyer

  1. http://www.lisc.org Local Initiatives Support Corporation (LISC) Our Initiatives: (1) Affordable Housing, (2) Education, (3) Economic Development, (4) Financial Stability, (5) Health, (6) Safe Neighborhoods, (7) Community Leadership, and (8) Policy & Research.
  1. http://www.knowledgeplex.org The Affordable Housing & Community Development Research for Professionals Topics: (1) All Topics, (2) Affordable Housing, (3) Economic Revitalization, (4) Fair Housing, (5) Homelessness, (6) Homeownership & Mortgage Markets, (7) Land Use & Housing Planning, (8) Personal Finance & Asset Creation, (9) Public Housing, and (10) Social & Comprehensive Development.
  1. communityprogress.net Community Progress (Used to be National Vacant Properties Campaign) www.communityprogress.net/filebin/pdf/toolkit/NVPC_VacantPropertiesTrueCost.pdf The True Costs of Vacant Properties
  1. http://www.foodsecurity.org/primercfsuac Urban Agriculture and Community Food Security in the U.S.: Farming from the City Fringe to the Urban Fringe, by Katherine H. Brown, et al. 27 pages & 7 chapters.
  1. https://www.brookings.edu/research/the-economics-of-historic-preservation The Economics of Historic Preservation, by Randal Mason, 75 pages. The first ten readings in the annotated bibliography are the “best to initiate and inform a reader new to economic preservation issues” (pg. 29).
  1. https://segmentationsolutions.nielsen.com/mybestsegments/ Nielsen: My Best Segments Where Can I Find My Best Customers? Go to the third section on the right and enter the zip code you’re studying; North Tyler is 75702. https://segmentationsolutions.nielsen.com/mybestsegments/ The 68 PRIZM zip code clusters. They’re subdivided into three categories based on life stage and several social groups based on the urban to rural continuum.

US. Manufacturing Workers Underpaid; Be Cautious in Raising Minimum Wage

“Why U.S. Manufacturing Workers are on Food Stamps and Medicaid,” by David Kiley in Forbes.com —{With My Commentary} http://www.forbes.com/sites/davidkiley5/2016/05/10/why-u-s-manufacturing-workers-are-on-food-stamps-and-medicaid/#63cc7e0f7b89

Highlights of David Kiley’s Article

“A new study conducted by researchers at the University of California, Berkeley shows that over one-third of manufacturing workers in the U.S. are on some form of public assistance. The percentage shoots up to 50% when temporary manufacturers are factored in.”

“Not only do politicians frequently talk about the importance of strengthening manufacturing in industrial states like Michigan, Ohio, Indiana, Pennsylvania and Wisconsin, but state governments typically come up with huge incentive packages to companies for locating a new manufacturing facility in their state. But the University notes that manufacturing jobs are costing tax-payers $10.2 billion.

The report analyzed utilization rates and costs in the five largest means-tested public benefit programs for which data is available: Medicaid, the Children’s Health Insurance Program (CHIP), the Federal Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC), food stamps (the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program, or SNAP), and basic household income assistance (Temporary Assistance for Needy Families, or TANF).”

“The UC-Berkeley researchers report that the largest classification of temporary manufacturing production workers—assemblers and fabricators—earn a median wage of $10.88 an hour, while those hired directly by the companies make an average of $15.03.”

“That manufacturing employees make about the same as retail workers on average is surprising to many. But as companies have been off-shoring more and more of these jobs to Mexico, China and other low-wage countries, fewer manufacturing jobs are unionized, and even the unions have negotiated lower wages in many cases in exchange for keeping jobs in the U.S.

In the U.S., experienced United Auto Workers members, for example, make an average $28 an hour, while new hires, known as “Tier 2,” workers start at $15.78. UAW members have not had a raise in a decade. Autoworkers make $8.24 an hour in Mexico and $4.10 in China, according to Center for Automotive Research data.”

“These wages are staying constant–and falling in some cases compared with where they were a decade ago–while the costs of living are not. According to the Consumer Price Index, prices of staple expenses have kept climbing during the last decade-beef is up 56%; fresh vegetables are up 28%; milk is up 14%. Healthcare costs have climbed faster than inflation in that time. The average cost of a new car has climbed 20%. And so on.”

“According to Emmanual Saenz, an economics professor at UC-Berkeley, says income inequality has been steadily rising since the 1970s and is at its greatest level since 1928. Saenz defines “income” as pre-tax cash market income — wages; dividends, interest, rent and other returns on invested capital; business profits; and realized capital gains. Excluded are Social Security payments, unemployment benefits and other government transfer payments, which are more substantial today than before the Great Depression.”

My Take:

“For me, this article serves a reminder to be cautious when raising the minimum wage. The manufacturing population is skilled. What if their wages didn’t go up simultaneously with the unskilled minimum wage crowd? Furthermore, the cost of living varies dramatically from state to state. The full $15/hour minimum wage goal sounds great for New York, California, Washington D.C., Alaska, and Hawaii. What if U.S. manufacturers that paid (or started paying) better wages got some sort of tax break? Looking forward to feedback. Let’s have some centrist (especially left-centrist) dialogue!”

By J. D. Meyer