MLK 2015 29th Annual Interfaith Community Program: Keynote Address by Frederick J. Barrow
Frederick Barrow delivered the 2015 MLK Observance in Tyler, Texas. Mr. Barrow is an attorney who wants to plant seeds that grow into trees and later, a park. We need to be a “community of love and change,”… and we have to work together like this Catholic Diocese is friends with Tyler Together Race Relations Forum, according to Barrow. He jokingly promised to be brief, no matter how long it takes. First Barrow saluted the incoming local NAACP director, Cedric Granberry, as Earnest Deckard is stepping down after 24 years in that position. Then our attorney asked us to ask our neighbor, “What cha doin’ here?” He observed that different races have different reasons somewhat. We’re called on this day to re-commitment and enlistment; to service we are called.
Frederick J. Barrow actually met one of Martin Luther King’s advisors—coincidentally, he came from the his same little hometown in Lousiana, but met after he moved to Dallas. That MLK advisor remembered when James Brown donated 18 18-wheelers to donate free toys in Atlanta! Dr. King had scars on his arms from the dog attacks in Alabama. Truly, they laid their bodies down.
Attorney Barrow alluded to Dr. King’s voluminous writings well beyond the famous “I Have a Dream” speech; it’s “Tengo un sueno” in Spanish. He mentioned Dr. King talked about peace and justice. You can go to the Stanford Martin Luther King Papers Project within this site http://mlk-kpp01.stanford.edu/ and find out for yourself. Mr. Barrow cited the Oxford Dictionary definition for peace as “freedom from disturbance, tranquility.” Then he moved on to his main MLK speech for the address, “When Peace Becomes Obnoxious (1956)” http://mlk-kpp01.stanford.edu/index.php/encyclopedia/documentsentry/when_peace_becomes_obnoxious_sermon_delivered_on_18_march_1956/
This MLK talk was based on when the first African-American student tried to enroll at the University of Alabama, and the hostility that followed. Eggs were thrown; cars were jumped upon. Then the president of the University of Alabama told her to leave for her sake and the sake of the university.
This wasn’t a case of true peace but “mobocracy.” The movement “capitulated to darkness.” Such peace stinks to God, as revealed in Matthew 10:34 when Jesus said he came not to bring peace, but a sword. Does peace make you a second-class citizen? Do you keep your mouth shut and accept humiliation and a lesser economic status?
There were riots during the civil rights movement, but it’s necessary to be vigorous in condemning the riots as well as the social conditions that led to the violent activity. A riot is the language of the unheard. (Maybe they didn’t try or couldn’t speak). Non-Violent Direct Action is what Dr. King favored, according to Barrow. Confront issues by meeting with representatives, going to city hall, and marching. To not practice civil disobedience is to be against the Constitution. We must uphold it against unjust state laws. There are four issues that we need to address: (1) Is it a just grievance or just creating confusion? (2) Are we ready to eliminate by petition and be ready to accept the consequences? (3) Do we have a clear program to relieve injustice that’s reasonable and grounded in ethics? and (4) To break a law that conscience (liang-chih) says is unjust is the highest respect for the law.
In the famous “Letter from Birmingham Jail,” Dr. King noted that the civil rights fighters were not creators of tension but brought it to attention. Rev. King had support from all schools of ethics. What if his approach worked before the rise of Nazi Germany? Power lays dormant when folks don’t do anything. Love becomes transcendent when we come together.
Recently, we’ve undergone disturbing interactions between the police and unarmed Black men. Our attorney has had a policeman for a roommate, so he knows how police put their lives on the line for people they don’t know. We’ve all heard about Ferguson, “I Can’t Breathe” in New York, and Cleveland, but Attorney Barrow brought up a much lesser-known atrocity in New Iberia, Louisiana—his home state.. Some young Black man supposedly shot himself to death in a police car, despite having his hands handcuffed behind him. Attorney Barrow has met the mother of Trayvon Martin at national bar meetings, and he offers his prayers to all parents.
Martin Luther King proclaimed that we can’t have a first class nation with second class citizens. It’s a powder keg for Blacks to be living in depression. George W. Bush felt the Garner case was hard to understand. Condoleeza Rice noted that there’s less trust between Blacks and the police. Those two are Republicans—reporter’s note. It’s obvious that Bull Connor to use attack dogs and water hoses against the peaceful civil rights demonstrators. It should be just as obvious if someone of another race becomes your new neighbor. It hurts the power holder to hold someone down.
Attorney Barrow explained “The Talk” that African-American parents have to give their children. In his case, it included telling his young son not to make space shooter noises in public because somebody might think you’re a real bad guy. Mr. Barrow once got a road rage warning while he was following an acquaintance to the Wal-Mart ranch in Arkansas. Sure it was irritating, but he emphasized how worse the incident could have been.
Frederick Barrow cited Andrew Young’s concerns about the high cost of college; the SOTU address happens at virtually the same day as MLK Day. One could be $100,000 in debt if you get a master’s—and that affects plenty of people—White also. Education is a birthright, not a handout, and we need a level playing field.
Forgiveness and reconciliation must happen. White America won’t be free until we forgive them. We need straight talk on the key issues of the day. Are we willing to take lashes and death threats like the leaders of the Sixties? Cowardice asks if it’s safe. Vanity asks if it’s popular. Schemers ask if it’s politically correct. Let freedom ring.
Attorney Frederick J. Barrow gave a wonderful keynote address at the 2015 Martin Luther King Observance in Tyler Texas at the Immaculate Conception Cathedral in Tyler, Texas. This event gives annual pride to the residents of the largest city in East Texas. Let’s hope the inspiration is remembered.
“Kwanzaa Revisited, January 2015 at Tyler Spoken Word,” by Joffre (“JD”) Meyer
Tonight’s talk is going to be on Kwanzaa. I didn’t first learn of Kwanzaa when I taught at Texas College from 2001-06 but when I was substitute teacher in the Garland ISD back in the late 90’s. Since I usually did elementary, I ran into some Kwanzaa children’s books. A speaker on Melissa Harris-Perry of MSNBC this morning noted that only 92 of 3200 recent children’s books have Black protagonists, so it’s good that Kwanzaa is helping a challenged field of publishing. Kwanzaa was founded by Dr. Maulana Karenga of University of California at Santa Barbara (UCSB) to improve Black self-esteem after the 1966 Watts Riots—a case of questionable police activity followed by riots and Black-on-Black property damage. This Pan-African cultural holiday honors the first harvest while bringing together seven universal principles: (1)Unity, (2) Self-Determination, (3) Cooperative Work & Responsibility, (4) Cooperative Economics, (5) Purpose, (6) Creativity, and (7) Faith. My four talks in Tyler were Creativity (2002), Purpose (2003), Self-Determination (2), and Cooperative Economics (2009). Before my “Kwanzaa: Summary & Reflections,” was published at Connexions of Rice University, I had three small articles published at two now defunct websites. http://cnx.org/contents/81536afb-abd9-41ba-a48a-09bd18c4c8ab@3/Kwanzaa_Summary_&_Reflections
Education World asserted how “to learn about Kwanzaa, the world’s fastest growing holiday, with these activities and Internet links.” In 2014, 20 million people are expected to celebrate Kwanzaa. http://www.educationworld.com/a_lesson/lesson0.39.shtml Johannesberg, South Africa had some great themes this year. Unity Day at Noon featured open mic poetry and music with inspirational messages, performances by children and youth, and a Kwanza market—complete with books, jewelry, and fabrics. The focus for Cooperative Work & Responsibility was “Hip-Hop & Poetry.” Cooperative Economics examined “Resolving Hidden Hunger through Cooperative Economics.” Purpose offered “Women’s & Men’s Dialogue on How to Support Each Other.” Furthermore, there was a Pre-Kwanzaa event two weeks before the holiday’s start with story-tellers, dancing, drumming, and a pot luck banquet. http://www.theblacklistpub.ning.com http://www.ebukhosinisolutions.co/za
Critiques of Kwanzaa: A Hoop-Duh for Faith Night, Another Made-Up Holiday
Unfortunately, some are determined to criticize the very existence of Kwanzaa as a made-up holiday or for disapproval of Dr. Karenga as a young man. Dr. Karenga served time for an assault before turning around his life, and at one time proclaimed Marxist political theories. Some accuse of Kwanzaa of being anti-Christian.
I’ve seen first-hand the ease of Faith Night being led by a prominent minister locally. African-Americans are an overwhelmingly Christian ethnic group anyway. So you can’t tell me there’s something inherently anti-Jesus about Kwanzaa, which is why I’m talking in a “hoop-duh” voice right now. I owe this skill to my teaching colleague, Rev-Coach Robert Thomas, the pastor of Tyler’s Cumberland Presbyterian Church in America (CPCA). Rev. Thomas goes into the hoop-duh style at his sermon’s end to summarize and recommend, just like a good essay!
Let’s take an irreverent look at Santa Claus. As a child-less man, I can’t imagine what it must be like to look at your small child and tell the little one about a benevolent giving being from the North Pole who drives a sleigh with flying reindeer, moving at the speed of light. Is Daddy is having an acid flashback (lol)! At least when I was a wee child, I figured he started in the Eastern Time Zone and traveled west to get everywhere at midnight. But I fell for the story basically, just like everybody else. Have you heard the joke that a black kid questioned if a white man would climb down a chimney in his neighborhood? Then Christmas is held on December 25th to compete with some Roman Sun God even though the birth of Jesus was supposed to be in spring. The pine tree tradition came from German pagans and so on.
The Effort to Serve as a Public Intellectual
Before delivering my fourth Kwanzaa talk, I had the insight that Kwanzaa is the effort to serve as a public intellectual. I have been a long-time fan of Dr. Richard Florida of the University of Toronto—the developer of the Creative Class paradigm. Dr. Florida teaches business and creativity too. He asserts that economic development in cities depends on the Four T’s: talent, technology, tolerance, and territorial assets. A public intellectual brings his or her scholarship to societal issues outside of his or area of expertise. Dr. Florida’s wife, Rana, is a serious scholar too and is the CEO of the Creative Class. I’m honored to have become friends with her on Linked-in and Facebook within the past year.
Last fall, I stumbled onto an article by a former colleague of mine, Dr. Ibiyinka Solarin, about the public intellectual and one of his heroes, Wole Soyinka. http://www.gamji.com/article3000/NEWS3736.htm They’re from Nigeria. Let’s look at some highlights from the Dr. Solarin’s general description of the public intellectual. “The intellectual…is at once engaged with his or her society and contributes in his or her own little way to impart knowledge and lower the bar of ignorance. As a result of his exposure to varied reading and other cultures, he is impatient that his society ‘gets it right.’His restless spirit is constantly in turmoil, raising questions, seeking explanations, accepting no easy answers. While other acquiesce in the face of what is patently injurious to the interest of society, he raises his voice, he is not afraid of the powers-at-be…He knows that some of his ‘friends’ are in fact agent provocateur…who crave to be in the bosom of the establishment…because frankly, that’s where the power is.”
Highlights of Past Kwanzaa Talks
Creativity is the only principle that was both a talk and a published article at the now defunct Voices.yahoo, formerly Associated Content. It’s good practice to begin a Kwanzaa talk on a specific principle by referring to Dr. Karenga’s http://www.officialkwanzaasite.com Kwanzaa prefers to focus on the applicability aspect of creativity, to leave the community better than when you found it, and to repair the worn-out. Gifted and talented research lists four attributes of creativity: originality, fluency (lots of ideas), flexibility (adaptability) and applicability. The other three creativity traits seem to point toward the goal of applicability.
As for boosting Black self-esteem as an educator, I required an essay on Black History and began researching African-American and Pan-African history. At first I felt a little uncomfortable teaching a virtually all-Black audience about their history, but then I realized I could be saving my students from possible future embarrassment for not knowing about their history. This research evolved into a 40-something page chapter in my textbook and some annotated link pages.
During Cooperative Economics, I described the Intellectual Entrepreneurship program at University of Texas at Austin. It’s a consortium of several departments that work on solving societal problems, the opposite of ivory tower style research. Inadvertently, IE as served as a force for diversification for it draws minority and first-generation students into graduate school. They have a mentor program between graduate and undergraduate students as an introduction to the program. Later I would write an article that if IE was at UT-Tyler, it could help the city’s Industry Growth Initiative (IGI) Strategy #1 by generating more money for research. This article was not only re-printed at UT-Austin but also found its way to the Creative Class Library’s Education division of the University of Toronto where it’s had over 1000 reads. http://www.creativeclass.com/rfcgdb/articles/Intellectual%20Entrepreneurship%20at%20The%20University%20of%20Texas.pdf
Another tradition for me is to list the awards received by the City of Tyler during the Texas Downtown Conference. The dividing line between big and small city is 50,000, so Tyler is a big city as its population is roughly 100,000. 2014 saw Tyler Downtown win three awards, sharing top honors for Best Public Improvement—The Fair Parking Garage and Best Marketing—the African-American Heritage Trail. Regions Banks won the award for best downtown business outright. In past years, I’ve summarized the City of Tyler ‘s Tyler 21 program, a long-range plan for urban development and renewal. http://www.tylerpaper.com/TP-News+Local/208605/winners-of-the-2014-texas-downtown-association-presidents-awards-program-named
Twi vs. Swahili?
A new article by Columbia professor and Black conservative columnist, Dr. John McWhorter contends that Twi would be a better African language to learn than Swahili because it was spoken throughout West Africa ever since slavery from Senegal to Angola. http://www.theroot.com/articles/culture/2010/12/why_twi_is_better_than_swahili_for_african_americans_to_learn.html Centered in Ghana (then the Gold Coast), many West Africans spoke Twi as a second language also. Furthermore, the name “Kwame,” is Twi, and Kwame Nkrumah was the founder of Ghana. Many West Africans coming to America still speak Twi. Nigerian Yoruba is a popular language now but not during the age of slavery. Dr. McWhorter compares proclaiming the primacy of Swahili is like a Brit toasting with vodka and drinking borscht in honor of Europe! Swahili is spoken in East Africa, a region of emigration only in recent decades. Dr. McWhorter observes that Twi is easier to learn than Swahili. Nevertheless, most Kwanzaa celebrators have grown accustomed to Swahili for a handful of ceremonial terms, so it’s an inconsistency that here to stay. But if you really want to talk to talk to an African in his native language, your chances would be better learning Twi or Yoruba in most of the US. Nelson Mandela once wrote, “If you wat to talk to a man in a language he understands, that goes to his head. If you want to talk to him in his language, that goes to his heart. “ That saying brought back memories of when I sang Tejano Karaoke at Los Desperadoz of Arlington on Friday night in Arlington and received a warm response from the Mexican-American audience. Yes, I taught English as a Second Language (ESOL) too.
Conclusion: Kwanzaa Exhibits Neo-Confucian Concept of Change and Some Ideals of Ma’at
To conclude, I feel that Kwanzaa exhibits the Neo-Confucian concept of societal change. One must have a sincere will before the societal conventions in order to keep the spirit of the ancients who created them. I f one feels that existing social customs or whatever is needed, then it’s time for a change or addition; that is ch’eng-yi to li.
Here are some of my favorites from the 42 Ideals of Ma’at—an Egyptian winged goddess that I discovered on Facebook right before this talk. Hopefully, I really live up to these ideals or at least really want to do so: I benefit with gratitude—the hallmark of my current church, Unity. I regard all altars with respect. I offer words of good intent. I honor animals with reverence (often bringing Pounce treats and cat brush too). I invoke laughter. I converse with awareness. I achieve with integrity. Thank you.